U11 Ass1 Task 1 The TV, Film and Special Effects Industry – General
|Technology used by Professionals in TV and Film||Equipment and software – give examples
Professionals within the TV and Film industry use a variety of editing software including Adobe Premiere Pro, Adobe After Effects & Sony Vegas. These programs allow editors to cut apart audio and video to create the product.
|Laws and ethics relating to the TV and Film industry
|Look at an example of what kind of contend determines the age rating.
BBFC – The BBFC is the British Board of Film Classification that deals with what age group a film would fall under. Things that the BBFC look at when deciding a films ratings are; Discrimination, Drugs, Imitable behaviour, Language, Nudity, Sex, Threat, Violence. These things are judged on their message and context, for instance in relation to drug use, a U rated film can have, “References to illegal drugs or drug misuse must be infrequent and innocuous, or have a clear educational purpose or anti-drug message suitable for young children.” While a 15 rated film can have, “Drug taking may be shown but the work as a whole must not promote or encourage drug misuse (for example, through instructional detail). The misuse of easily accessible and highly dangerous substances (for example, aerosols or solvents) is unlikely to be acceptable.” This difference is what defines what films are rated in order to protect younger viewers.
Watershed – 9pm – The Watershed is point of time, determined by the local government, after witch programs with adult content are allowed to be broadcast. Adult content refers to themes such as, Graphic violence, horror, strong language, nudity, sexual intercourse, gambling and drug use, however there are more things that could get a show to be broadcasted after the Watershed.
|General Skills required by TV and Film professionals||Director – Excellent organisational and planning skills, the ability to make decisions quickly, leadership and motivational skills.
Producer – Creativity and vision, presentation and negotiation skills, leadership and management skills, planning and organisational skills, financial skills and the ability to work to a budget.
Sound engineer – Good hearing, good sense of pitch, timing and rhythm, a knowledge of electronics and acoustics, practical skills, patience, the ability to cope with long hours and tight deadlines.
Editor – Good sense of timing and visual awareness, a mixture of practical and creative skills, a high level of attention to detail, the ability to work under pressure and meet tight deadlines, patience and concentration, IT skills.
Set designer – Creativity and imagination, strong practical skills like drawing and 3d model making, excellent attention to detail, the ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines, research skills.
Scriptwriter – Excellent writing ability, creativity and imagination, storytelling skills and an understanding of dramatic structure, a willingness to accept criticism and rejection of your work, good presentation and networking skills, creativity.
|Qualifications and experience requirements to become a professional in TV and film.
|Director – Need experience of working in tv or film and an in-depth understanding of the production process, could start out with camera or lighting work and building up your experience over several years.
Producer – Experience in both the creative and business sides of film or programme making, an in-depth understanding of the production process, a network of contacts in the industry.
Sound engineer – Need a good knowledge of music and recording technology, taken a music technology course at college or university, starting as a runner or an assistant in a recording studio, worked on community music events, DJ projects, hospital or community radio, or mixing and recording music in a home studio.
Editor – Experience with editing software, have done paid or unpaid work experience at a production company or edit suite, create and edit student charitable or community film productions, move into video editing from an entry level role like TV production runner.
Set designer – Usually need a HND or degree in a relevant subject, like architecture, fine art, interior design or 3D design, could start as a designer’s assistant, art department trainee or a runner in film or TV and work your way up.
Scriptwriter – Creative writing and scriptwriting, experience in journalism, advertising copywriting, come up with own screenplays and ideas, and trying to sell them to agents and producers, screenwriting competitions.
|Where would a TV and film job be advertised?||Online – http://careerssearch.bbc.co.uk/
Social media forums
Job fairs locally or international.